Motivation is the force that initiates, guides and maintains goal-oriented behaviors. It is what causes us to take action, whether to grab a snack to reduce hunger or enroll in college to earn a degree. The forces that lie beneath motivation can be biological, social, emotional or cognitive in nature.
Researchers have developed a number of different theories to explain motivation. Each individual theory tends to be rather limited in scope. However, by looking at the key ideas behind each theory, you can gain a better understanding of motivation as a whole.
Instinct Theory of Motivation
According to instinct theories, people are motivated to behave in certain ways because they are evolutionarily programmed to do so. An example of this in the animal world is seasonal migration. These animals do not learn to do this, it is instead an inborn pattern of behavior.
William James created a list of human instincts that included such things as attachment, play, shame, anger, fear, shyness, modesty and love. The main problem with this theory is that it did not really explain behavior, it just described it. By the 1920s, instinct theories were pushed aside in favor of other motivational theories, but contemporary evolutionary psychologists still study the influence of genetics and heredity on human behavior.
a tattoo of an oxytocin molecule, the hormone that makes you fall in love
this is amazingg
No matter what type of blog you have, quality, black and white, grunge, this picture belongs on all of it. This is in memory of the 27 people (18 of which are kindergartners) who lost their lives today in Newtown, Connecticut. You are forever in our hearts.
this is so heartbreaking :’(
This is so upsetting. My friend’s two cousins go to the school and one of them is in kindergarden. I am so thankful that they are safe. My thoughts and prayers go out to all of the families and friends affected.
It’s almost christmas :( I’m soo sad RIP<3 :’(
no child deserves to go through this. where is the humanity? this world is becoming so sick; please pray for them and all those affected